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Vol. 39 Núm. 1 (2024): 115, enero-abril
Artículos

Relación entre la educación y las preferencias de fecundidad en México: lecciones de Italia

Fatima Juárez
Centro de Estudios Demográficos, Urbanos y Ambientales, El Colegio de México, A.C.
Biografía
Alessandra De Rose
Department of Methods and Model for Economics, Sapienza University of Rome
Biografía
Maria Rita Testa
Department of Political Sciences, Luiss University
Biografía

Publicado 2024-02-28

Palabras clave

  • transición de la fecundidad,
  • preferencias de fecundidad,
  • intenciones de fecundidad,
  • México,
  • Italia,
  • educación
  • ...Más
    Menos

Cómo citar

Juárez, F., De Rose, A., & Testa , M. R. (2024). Relación entre la educación y las preferencias de fecundidad en México: lecciones de Italia. Estudios Demográficos y Urbanos, 39(1). https://doi.org/10.24201/edu.v39i1.2192
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Métrica

Resumen

La educación es un determinante importante de las preferencias reproductivas, pero la evolución de su papel en los países con diferentes niveles de transición de la fecundidad ha sido poco investigada, en gran medida debido a la falta de datos adecuados. Este documento analiza el papel de la educación como determinante de las preferencias de fecundidad en México, un país que se acerca rápidamente al final de la transición de la fecundidad, aunque con diferencias territoriales sustanciales. Esta información se contrasta con la evidencia de una nación con muy baja fecundidad, Italia, utilizando en ambos casos datos de encuestas. Los resultados indican que existe una relación negativa persistente en México entre las preferencias de fecundidad y el nivel educativo. Sin embargo, un análisis más refinado por áreas territoriales revela que, en las regiones más desarrolladas –como la Ciudad de México–, la relación se está revirtiendo, mostrando que, entre las mujeres con mayor nivel educativo, hay una actitud favorable a tener un hijo más, similar a la observada en Italia, donde el efecto de una mayor educación en las intenciones de fecundidad es positivo.

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