Please ensure Javascript is enabled for purposes of website accessibility
Vol. 38 Núm. 2 (2023): 113, mayo-agosto
Artículos

Infraestructura verde como infraestructura informal: un cambio de perspectiva necesario

Ignacio Loor
Universidad San Gregorio de Portoviejo
Biografía
Lucía Rivadeneira
Universidad Técnica de Manabí
Biografía

Publicado 2023-07-13

Palabras clave

  • infraestructura verde,
  • asentamientos informales,
  • infraestructura informal,
  • gestión ambiental urbana

Cómo citar

Loor, I., & Rivadeneira, L. (2023). Infraestructura verde como infraestructura informal: un cambio de perspectiva necesario. Estudios Demográficos Y Urbanos, 38(2), 501–533. https://doi.org/10.24201/edu.v38i2.2097
Metrics
Vistas/Descargas
  • Resumen
    669
  • PDF
    471
  • En línea
    94
  • EPUB
    13
  • Kindle
    21
  • Audio
    7

Descargas

Los datos de descargas todavía no están disponibles.

Métrica

Resumen

El artículo plantea una perspectiva conceptual de infraestructura verde (IV) que se enmarca en el contexto de asentamientos informales en el Sur Global. Para el efecto, se realiza una revisión integradora de la literatura, en la que se deconstruyen los conceptos de infraestructura verde e infraestructura de asentamientos informales, los cuales se entretejen para lograr una nueva estructura cognitiva. Cabe mencionar que la literatura sobre IV no ha producido herramientas teóricas que faciliten la integración de los asentamientos informales en la gestión ambiental urbana. Alternativamente, los conceptos de ensamble, emprendedurismo e infraestructura informal pueden ayudar a una mejor comprensión de la IV en este contexto.

Referencias

  1. Adegun, O. B. (2017). Green infrastructure in relation to informal urban settlements. Journal of Architecture and Urbanism, 41(1), 22-33. https://doi.org/10.3846/20297955.2017.1296791 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3846/20297955.2017.1296791
  2. Ahlers, R., Cleaver, F., Rusca, M. y Schwartz, K. (2014). Informal space in the urban waterscape: Disaggregation and co-production of water services. Water Alternatives, 7(1), 1-14. https://www.water-alternatives.org/index.php/all-abs/230-a7-1-1/file
  3. Allen, A., Dávila, J. D. y Hofmann, P. (2006). Governance of water and sanitation services for the peri-urban poor: A framework for understanding and action in metropolitan regions. Londres: University College London, The Development Planning Unit.
  4. Ayambire, R. A., Amponsah, O., Peprah, C. y Takyi, S. A. (2019). A review of practices for sustaining urban and peri-urban agriculture: Implications for land use planning in rapidly urbanising Ghanaian cities. Land Use Policy, 84, 260-277. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2019.03.004 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2019.03.004
  5. Bagstad, K. J., Semmens, D. J., Waage, S. y Winthrop, R. (2013). A comparative assessment of decision-support tools for ecosystem services quantification and valuation. Ecosystem Services, 5, 27-39. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoser.2013.07.004 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoser.2013.07.004
  6. Barlow, D., Burrill, G. y Nolfi, J. R. (1977). A research report on developing a community level natural resource inventory system. Burlington: Vermont Institute of Community, Center for Studies in Food Self-Sufficiency.
  7. Bell, S. (2018). Drainage. En S. Bell (ed.), Urban water sustainability. Constructing infrastructure for cities and nature. Londres: Routledge / GSE Research. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315680811
  8. Bennett, E. M., Peterson, G. D. y Gordon, L. J. (2009). Understanding relationships among multiple ecosystem services. Ecology Letters, 12, 1394-1404. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1461-0248.2009.01387.x DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1461-0248.2009.01387.x
  9. Brantley, H. L., Hagler, G. S., Deshmukh, P. J. y Baldauf, R. W. (2014). Field assessment of the effects of roadside vegetation on near-road black carbon and particulate matter. The Science of the Total Environment, 468-469, 120-129. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.08.001 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.08.001
  10. Buzby, K. (2014). Farming the slums: Using eminent domain and urban agriculture to rebuild Baltimore’s blighted neighborhoods. William & Mary Environmental Law and Policy Review, 38(2), 479-506. https://scholarship.law.wm.edu/wmelpr/vol38/iss2/6/
  11. Daily, G. C. (1997). Valuing and safeguarding Earth’s life support systems. En G. C. Daily (ed.), Nature’s services: Societal dependence on natural ecosystems (pp. 365-374). Washington, D.C.: Island Press.
  12. Deleuze, G. y Parnet, C. (1987). Dialogues. Nueva York: Columbia University Press.
  13. Díaz, J. y Ortiz Flores, E. (eds.). (2017a). Convivir en la diversidad: el barrio intercultural. En HIC-AL, Utopías en construcción. Experiencias latinoamericanas de producción social del hábitat (pp. 90-99). Ciudad de México: Coalición Internacional para el Hábitat. https://hic-al.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/12/Libro-utopias-digital.pdf
  14. Díaz, J. y Ortiz Flores, E. (eds.). (2017b). El funcionamiento de las cooperativas y el papel de la federación. En HIC-AL, Utopías en construcción. Experiencias latinoamericanas de producción social del hábitat (pp. 40-49). Ciudad de México: Coalición Internacional para el Hábitat. https://hic-al.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/12/Libro-utopias-digital.pdf
  15. Escobedo, F. J., Kroeger, T. y Wagner, J. E. (2011). Urban forests and pollution mitigation: Analyzing ecosystem services and disservices. Urban Environmental Pollution Conference: Overcoming Obstacles to Sustainability and Quality of Life (UEP2010), 159(8-9), 2078-2087. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2011.01.010 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2011.01.010
  16. Evans, J. (2011). Resilience, ecology and adaptation in the experimental city. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 36, 223-237. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-5661.2010.00420.x DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-5661.2010.00420.x
  17. Evans, J., O’Brien, J. y Ch Ng, B. (2018). Towards a geography of informal transport: Mobility, infrastructure and urban sustainability from the back of a motorbike. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 43(4), 674-688. https://doi.org/10.1111/tran.12239 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/tran.12239
  18. Gibbs, L. (2014). Freshwater geographies? Place, matter, practice, hope. New Zealand Geographer, 70(1), 56-60. https://doi.org/10.1111/nzg.12040 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/nzg.12040
  19. Gruebner, O., Khan, M. H. y Lautenbach, S. (2014). The spatial epidemiology of mental well-being in Dhaka’s slums. En P. Kanaroglou, E. Delmelle y A. Páez (eds.), Spatial analysis in health geography (pp. 139-160). Farnham: Ashgate Publishing Company.
  20. Güneralp, B., McDonald, R. I., Fragkias, M., Goodness, J., Marcotullio, P. J. y Seto, K. C. (2013). Urbanization forecasts, effects on land use, biodiversity, and ecosystem services. En T. Elmqvist, M. Fragkias, J. Goodness, B. Güneralp, P. J. Marcotullio, R. I. McDonald, S. Parnell, M. Schewenius, M. Sendstad, K. C. Seto y C. Wilkinson (eds.), Urbanization, biodiversity and ecosystem services: Challenges and opportunities. A global assessment (pp. 437-452). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-7088-1_22 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-7088-1_22
  21. Hallward, P. (2006). Out of this world: Deleuze and the philosophy of creation. Londres: Verso.
  22. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. (2008). Climate Change 2007: Synthesis report. Contribution of Working Groups I, II and III to the Fourth Assessment Report. Suecia: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. https://bit.ly/3hCH1s3
  23. Jenkins, B. (2017). Avon-Ōtākaro network vision for regeneration of the Avon-Ōtākaro Corridor Red Zone. Landscape Review, 17(2), 56-66. https://journals.lincoln.ac.nz/index.php/lr/article/view/1029
  24. Jorgensen, A. y Anthopoulou, A. (2007). Enjoyment and fear in urban woodlands. Does age make a difference? Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 6(4), 267-278. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ufug.2007.05.004 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ufug.2007.05.004
  25. Kamalipour, H. y Dovey, K. (2017). Incremental urbanisms. En K. Dovey, E. Pafka y M. Ristic (eds.), Morphologies, flows, possibilities (pp. 249-267). Nueva York: Routledge. https://minerva-access.unimelb.edu.au/handle/11343/240894 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315309163-14
  26. Karimzadegan, H., Rahmatian, M., Dehghani, S., Jalali, R. y Shahkarami, A. (2007). Valuing forests and rangelands-ecosystem services. International Journal of Environmental Research, 1(4), 368-377. https://ijer.ut.ac.ir/article_137_05a406852c974d0bb55d6eb1e8e6bc2a.pdf
  27. Kusno, A. (2011). The green governmentality in an Indonesian metropolis. Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography, 32(3), 314-331. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9493.2011.00440.x DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9493.2011.00440.x
  28. Lancione, M. y McFarlane, C. (2016). Infrastructural becoming: Sanitation and the (un)making of life at the margins. En A. Blok e I. Farías (eds.), Urban cosmopolitics: Agencements, assemblies, atmospheres (pp. 45-62). Londres: Routledge.
  29. Larkin, B. (2013). The politics and poetics of infrastructure. Annual Review of Anthropology, 42(1), 327-343. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-anthro-092412-155522 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-anthro-092412-155522
  30. León Casero, J. y Closa Guerrero, I. (2020). Ontología Posthumanista Bio-Ciber-Deleuziana. El agenciamiento hombre-máquina como rizoma de plataforma. Isegoría, 63, 387-406. https://doi.org/10.3989/isegoria.2020.063.06 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3989/isegoria.2020.063.06
  31. Little, C. E. (1990). Greenways for America: Creating the North American landscape. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press. DOI: https://doi.org/10.56021/9780801840661
  32. Loor, I. (2021). Informal green infrastructure (IGI) and the pursuit of climate responsive environments in Quito City. En E. Peker y A. Ataöv (eds.), Governance of climate responsive cities (pp. 127-146). Cham: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-73399-5_8 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-73399-5_8
  33. Loor, I. y Evans, J. (2021). Understanding the value and vulnerability of informal infrastructures: Footpaths in Quito. Journal of Transport Geography, 94, 103112. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2021.103112 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2021.103112
  34. Lyytimäki, J., Petersen, L. K., Normander, B. y Bezák, P. (2008). Nature as a nuisance? Ecosystem services and disservices to urban lifestyle. Environmental Sciences, 5(3), 161-172. https://doi.org/10.1080/15693430802055524 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/15693430802055524
  35. McCann, E. (2011). Veritable inventions: Cities, policies and assemblage. Area, 43(2), 143-147. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4762.2011.01011.x DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4762.2011.01011.x
  36. McFarlane, C. (2008). Governing the contaminated city: Infrastructure and sanitation in colonial and post‐colonial Bombay. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 32(2), 415-435. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2427.2008.00793.x DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2427.2008.00793.x
  37. McFarlane, C. (2011). The city as assemblage: Dwelling and urban space. Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, 29(4), 649-671. https://doi.org/10.1068/d4710 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1068/d4710
  38. McFarlane, C. (2012). The entrepreneurial slum: Civil society, mobility and the co-production of urban development. Urban Studies, 49(13), 2795-2816. https://doi.org/10.1177/0042098012452460 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0042098012452460
  39. McFarlane, C. y Silver, J. (2017). Navigating the city: Dialectics of everyday urbanism. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 42(3), 458-471. https://doi.org/10.1111/tran.12175 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/tran.12175
  40. McFarlane, C. y Vasudevan, A. (2014). Informal infrastructures. En P. Adey, D. Bissell, K. Hannam, P. Merriman y M. Sheller (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Mobilities. Reino Unido: Routledge.
  41. McHarg, I. L. (1971). Design with nature. Nueva York: Garden City.
  42. Mell, I. C. (2008). Green infrastructure: Concepts and planning. Forum Ejournal, 8(1), 69-80. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/228664177_Green_Infrstructure_concepts_and_planning
  43. Meyboom, A. (2009). Infrastructure as practice. Journal of Architectural Education, 62(4), 72-81. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1531-314X.2009.01006.x DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1531-314X.2009.01006.x
  44. Minuchin, L. (2019). De la demanda a la prefiguración. Historia del derecho a la ciudad en América Latina. Territorios, 41, 271-294. https://doi.org/10.12804/revistas.urosario.edu.co/territorios/a.6363 DOI: https://doi.org/10.12804/revistas.urosario.edu.co/territorios/a.6363
  45. Moro, P. A., Assisi, F., Cassetti, F., Bissoli, M., Borghini, R., Davanzo, F., Della Puppa, T., Dimasi, V., Ferruzzi, M., Giarratana, T. y Travaglia, A. (2009). Toxicological hazards of natural environments: Clinical reports from Poison Control Centre of Milan. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 8(3), 179-186. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ufug.2009.02.007 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ufug.2009.02.007
  46. Motzny, A. (2015). Prioritizing vacant properties for green infrastructure: A landscape analysis in spatial planning, and design approach for siting green infrastructure in moderately to highly vacant urban neighborhoods. (Tesis de maestría, University of Michigan, Estados Unidos).
  47. Moura, M. S. (2009). Innovaciones en la gestión del desarrollo local: la experiencia de Porto Alegre. América Latina Hoy, 24, 27-36. https://doi.org/10.14201/alh.2593 DOI: https://doi.org/10.14201/alh.2593
  48. Oldfield, S. (2010). Botanic gardens: Modern-day arks. Estados Unidos: MIT Press.
  49. Perera, T. A. N. T., Nayanajith, T. M. D., Jayasinghe, G. Y. y Premasiri, H. D. S. (2021). Identification of thermal hotspots through heat index determination and urban heat island mitigation using ENVImet numerical micro climate model. Modeling Earth Systems and Environment, 8, 209-226. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40808-021-01091-x DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40808-021-01091-x
  50. Prothero, A., y Fitchett, J. A. (2000). Greening capitalism: Opportunities for a green commodity. Journal of Macromarketing, 20(1), 46-55. https://doi.org/10.1177/0276146700201005 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0276146700201005
  51. Pukkala, T. (2020). Calculating the additional carbon sequestration of Finnish forestry. Journal of Sustainable Forestry, 41(7), 624-641. https://doi.org/10.1080/10549811.2020.1792935 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/10549811.2020.1792935
  52. Rankin, W. J. (2009). Infrastructure and the international governance of economic development, 1950-1965. En J.-F. Auger, J. J. Bouma y R. Künneke (eds.), Internationalization of infrastructures: Proceedings of the 12th Annual International Conference on the Economics of Infrastructures (pp. 61-75). Países Bajos: Delft University of Technology.
  53. Rashid, H., Hunt, L. M. y Haider, W. (2007). Urban flood problems in Dhaka, Bangladesh: Slum residents’ choices for relocation to flood-free areas. Environmental Management, 40(1), 95-104. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-006-0233-7 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-006-0233-7
  54. Reimers, C. y Portela, M. (1996). Desarrollo progresivo en vivienda: desarrollos planificados vs. no planificados. En Vivienda 95, III Encuentro Nacional de la Vivienda (pp. 103-125). Caracas: Encuentro Nacional de la Vivienda.
  55. Reis, R. B., Ribeiro, G. S., Felzemburgh, R. D., Santana, F. S., Mohr, S., Melendez, A. X., Queiroz, A., Santos, A. C., Ravines, R. R. y Tassinari, W. S. (2008). Impact of environment and social gradient on Leptospira infection in urban slums. PLoS Neglected Tropical Disease, 2(4), e228. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0000228 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0000228
  56. Rekow, L. (2017). Urban agriculture in the Manguinhos favela of Rio de Janeiro: Laying the groundwork for a greener future. En W. Leal Filho, D.-M. Pociovalisteanu y A. Q. Al-Amin (eds.), Sustainable economic development: Green economy and green growth (pp. 155-185). Suiza: Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-45081-0_10 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-45081-0_10
  57. Rodríguez, M. C. y Zapata, M. C. (2020). Organizaciones sociales y autogestión del hábitat en contextos urbanos neoliberales. Íconos. Revista de Ciencias Sociales, 24(67), 195-216. https://doi.org/10.17141/iconos.67.2020.3964 DOI: https://doi.org/10.17141/iconos.67.2020.3964
  58. Roy, A. (2004). Transnational trespassings: The geopolitics of urban informality. En A. Roy y N. Alsayad (eds.), Urban informality: Transnational perspectives from the Middle East, South Asia and Latin America (pp. 289-317). Oxford: Lexington Books.
  59. Roy, A. (2005). Urban informality: Toward an epistemology of planning. Journal of the American Planning Association, 71(2), 147-158. https://doi.org/10.1080/01944360508976689 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/01944360508976689
  60. Roy, A. (2011). Slumdog cities: Rethinking subaltern urbanism. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 35(2), 223-238. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2427.2011.01051.x DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2427.2011.01051.x
  61. Roy, A. (2016). Informality and the politics of planning. En J. Hillier y P. Healey (eds.), The Ashgate Research Companion to Planning Theory (pp. 105-126). Gran Bretaña: Routledge.
  62. Sandoval Álvarez, R. (ed.) (2015). Pensar desde la resistencia anticapitalista y la autonomía. Ciudad de México: CIESAS. http://www.rniu.buap.mx/edit/otros/pdf/lib_pensar-resistencia-anticapitalista-autonomia.pdf
  63. Schuurman, D., De Marez, L. y Ballon, P. (2013). Open innovation processes in living lab innovation systems: Insights from the LeYLab. Technology Innovation Management Review, 3(11), 28-36. https://doi.org/10.22215/timreview/743 DOI: https://doi.org/10.22215/timreview/743
  64. Seto, K. C., Güneralp, B. y Hutyra, L. R. (2012). Global forecasts of urban expansion to 2030 and direct impacts on biodiversity and carbon pools. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 109(40), 16083-16088. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1211658109 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1211658109
  65. Silver, J. (2017). The energy geographies of incremental infrastructures in Ga Mashie, Accra. En S. Bouzarovski, M. J. Pasqualetti y V. Castán Broto (eds.), The Routledge Research Companion to Energy Geographies (pp. 295-305). Devon: Routledge. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315612928-19
  66. Simone, A. (2004). People as infrastructure: Intersecting fragments in Johannesburg. Public Culture, 16(3), 407-429. https://doi.org/10.1215/08992363-16-3-407 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1215/08992363-16-3-407
  67. Simone, A. (2008). Emergency democracy and the “governing composite”. Social Text, 26(2), 13-33. https://doi.org/10.1215/01642472-2007-027 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1215/01642472-2007-027
  68. Simone, A. (2010). City life from Jakarta to Dakar: Movements at the crossroads. Routledge. https://www.routledge.com/City-Life-from-Jakarta-to-Dakar-Movements-at-the-Crossroads/Simone/p/book/9780415993227 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203892497
  69. Snyder, H. (2019). Literature review as a research methodology: An overview and guidelines. Journal of Business Research, 104, 333-339. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2019.07.039 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2019.07.039
  70. Star, S. L. (1999). The ethnography of infrastructure. American Behavioral Scientist, 43(3), 377-391. https://doi.org/10.1177/00027649921955326 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/00027649921955326
  71. Star, S. L. y Ruhleder, K. (1996). Steps toward an ecology of infrastructure: Design and access for large information spaces. Information Systems Research, 7(1), 111-134. https://doi.org/10.1287/isre.7.1.111 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1287/isre.7.1.111
  72. Stein Heinemann, A. (2018). Cambio climático y conflictividad socioambiental en América Latina y el Caribe. América Latina Hoy, 79, 9-39. https://doi.org/10.14201/alh201879939 DOI: https://doi.org/10.14201/alh201879939
  73. Torraco, R. J. (2005). Writing integrative literature reviews: Guidelines and examples. Human Resource Development Review, 4(3), 356-367. https://doi.org/10.1177/1534484305278283 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1534484305278283
  74. Velasco, E. y Roth, M. (2010). Cities as net sources of CO2: Review of atmospheric CO2 exchange in urban environments measured by eddy covariance technique. Geography Compass, 4(9), 1238-1259. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1749-8198.2010.00384.x DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1749-8198.2010.00384.x
  75. Venn, S., Schulman, H., Törrönen, S., Salla, A., Pajunen, T., Kerppola, S., Paukkunen, J., Nieminen, M., Vilisics, F. y Karjalainen, S. (2015). En J. G. Kelcey (ed.), Vertebrates and invertebrates of European cities: Selected non-avian fauna. Helsinki: Springer. https://www.springer.com/gp/book/9781493916979#aboutBook
  76. Wilbanks, T., Kane, S., Leiby, P., Perlack, R., Settle, C., Shogren, J. y Smith, J. (2003). Possible responses to global climate change: Integrating mitigation and adaptation. Environment: Science and Policy for Sustainable Development, 45(5), 28-38. https://doi.org/10.1080/00139150309604547 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00139150309604547
  77. Wright, H. (2011). Understanding green infrastructure: The development of a contested concept in England. Local Environment, 16(10), 1003-1019. https://doi.org/10.1080/13549839.2011.631993 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/13549839.2011.631993
  78. Zárate, L. (2019, agosto 5). No son asentamientos informales, son barrios y ciudades hechos por la gente. Habitat International Coalition-America Latina. https://hic-al.org/2019/08/05/no-son-asentamientos-informales-son-barrios-y-ciudades-hechos-por-la-gente-lorena-zarate/