Factores determinantes de la relación entre la localización de las empresas, la dinámica del transporte público tipo BRT y el desarrollo urbano

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24201/edu.v37i3.2048

Palabras clave:

accesibilidad, Bogotá, decisiones de ubicación geográfica de empresas, economías de aglomeración, sistemas de transporte público masivo tipo BRT.

Resumen

La literatura asociada con la nueva geografía urbana y con la teoría de las economías de aglomeración intenta explorar y explicar la relación del desarrollo económico y urbano de las ciudades con sus habitantes y con las organizaciones como actores esenciales de esta interacción.

En ese sentido, y como resultado del objetivo central, se presentan los hallazgos de la revisión bibliográfica actualizada sobre la problemática que surge de las dinámicas de interacción entre los sistemas de transporte BRT, el territorio y las decisiones de ubicación geográfica de las empresas. De esta manera se propone un aporte específico a la reflexión actual sobre la relación entre el transporte público masivo, el espacio urbano y el papel de los fundamentos de esta teoría.

Esta revisión permitió analizar dicha relación desde sus dimensiones económicas, espaciales, sociales y urbanas, abordando las principales propuestas teóricas y empíricas disponibles en planteamientos recientes de la literatura. En la segunda sección del artículo se presenta una síntesis de los resultados de la revisión actualizada y exhaustiva de la bibliografía empírica, que parte de la obra de Lampón Caride (2011), para proponer un marco de análisis de los factores determinantes sobre la relación entre la localización de las empresas, la dinámica del transporte y el desarrollo urbano. En la sección final se presenta un análisis de la problemática y la interacción entre el transporte público BRT, el territorio y la economía urbana, analizados bajo la óptica del desarrollo orientado al transporte (DOT), ejemplificado en los sistemas de Curitiba en Brasil, Bogotá en Colombia, Ciudad de México y Santiago en Chile.

Como aporte principal se propone la existencia de una relación entre el territorio y la localización de las empresas que, a su vez, se ve influenciada por la dinámica del transporte público, la movilidad, el desarrollo urbano, y por la evolución económica de las ciudades, detallada a partir de sus dimensiones económicas, espaciales, sociales y urbanas.

Biografía del autor/a

Diego Rafael Roberto Cabrera-Moya, Universidad Jorge Tadeo Lozano, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Administrativas

Diego Rafael Roberto Cabrera-Moya es doctor en Ciencias de la Dirección por la Universidad del Rosario (con Tesis Laureada) y maestro en Dirección por la misma institución; maestro en Administración y especialista en Gerencia de Mercadeo por la Universidad de la Salle; e ingeniero industrial por la Pontificia Universidad Javeriana. Ha sido docente e investigador en instituciones académicas como: Universidad Javeriana, Universidad ECCI, Fundación Universitaria Konrad Lorenz, Universidad Central, Universidad Sergio Arboleda, Universidad de San Buenaventura, Universitaria Agustiniana y Universidad de la Salle. Actualmente es profesor investigador de la Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Administrativas en la Universidad Jorge Tadeo Lozano de Bogotá. El tema principal de sus investigaciones se relaciona con el estudio estratégico de las organizaciones, los sistemas de transporte público y la productividad asociada a las decisiones de posicionamiento geográfico y a la generación de empleo en las empresas.

Entre sus publicaciones se encuentran:

Cabrera-Moya, D. R. R. (2021). Empresas de servicios en Bogotá en 2015 y posicionamiento geográfico. Visión directiva y decisión estratégica. En M. Á. Aizaga (ed.), Gestión administrativa de las organizaciones, actualidad y perspectivas (pp. 302-327). Quito, Ecuador: Universidad Israel.

Cabrera-Moya, D. R. R. (2021). Economías de aglomeración, sistemas de transporte público masivo tipo BRT (Bus Rapid Transit) y decisiones de ubicación geográfica de empresas. URBE, Revista Brasileira de Gestão Urbana 13(1), 1-15. https://doi.org/10.1590/2175-3369.013.e20190217

Cabrera-Moya, D. (2020). Economías de aglomeración: evaluación en la ciudad de Bogotá, Colombia. En M. F. Martínez Aguilar y M. E. Peñalosa Otero (eds.), De la teoría a la empresa (pp. 1-33). San Luis Potosí, México: Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí. https://7a1a877a-70f8-4123-9500-e70da480b090.filesusr.com/ugd/9deb6c_0a82c335d6574390b46a6cc13e3f6182.pdf

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Cabrera-Moya, D. R. R. (2022). Factores determinantes de la relación entre la localización de las empresas, la dinámica del transporte público tipo BRT y el desarrollo urbano. Estudios Demográficos y Urbanos, 37(3), 839–887. https://doi.org/10.24201/edu.v37i3.2048
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