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Vol. 33 Núm. 3 (2018): 99, septiembre-diciembre
Artículos

Evaluación de los costos económicos totales de los desastres naturales: inundación en la ciudad de Sheffield, 2007

David Mendoza Tinoco
Investigador de proyecto, El Colegio de México, A.C., Centro de Estudios Económicos, Programa de Análisis Económico.
Biografía
Alba Verónica Méndez Delgado
Profesora investigadora, de la Universidad Autónoma de Coahuila, Centro de Investigaciones Socioeconómicas.
Biografía

Publicado 2018-08-14

Palabras clave

  • desastres naturales,
  • inundaciones,
  • modelo insumo-producto,
  • evaluación de desastres,
  • costos directos,
  • costos indirectos
  • ...Más
    Menos

Cómo citar

Mendoza Tinoco, D., & Méndez Delgado, A. V. (2018). Evaluación de los costos económicos totales de los desastres naturales: inundación en la ciudad de Sheffield, 2007. Estudios Demográficos Y Urbanos, 33(3), 699–732. https://doi.org/10.24201/edu.v33i3.1786
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Resumen

Los desastres naturales representan altos costos que conllevan desequilibrios económicos. Las pérdidas físicas iniciales generan costos indirectos que amplifican el daño total. Este artículo presenta una metodología basada en el modelo de insumo-producto para evaluar los costos económicos totales de los desastres, y se aplica al caso de las inundaciones de 2007 en Sheffield, Reino Unido. Los resultados sugieren que cada unidad de costo por daños directos, derivados de la destrucción física por la inundación, genera un costo adicional por 0.75 unidades en costos indirectos, contabilizado como la pérdida de producción ocasionada por las perturbaciones a lo largo de las cadenas productivas. El análisis brinda información más comprehensiva sobre los efectos de los desastres naturales en la economía, así como sobre los sectores productivos más afectados. Esto podría coadyuvar en una mejor asignación de recursos para la gestión de los riesgos por desastres naturales.

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